PSY 1012 – 2167
DUE: FRI, APR 22 2022 @ 9:00 AM
Instructions:Enter the letter of the correct response to each question in the space beside the question.
_C_1.The three sub-processes that comprise the overall process of human memory are:
a. sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.
b. recollection, free recall, and cued recall.
c. encoding, storage, and retrieval.
d. retention, savings, and consolidation.
e. semantic memory, episodic memory, autobiographical memory.
__2.Grouping information that exceeds the 7 +/- 2 limit in short-term memory into meaningful units that can be remembered as a single item is called:
a. echoic memory.
c. working memory.
d. iconic memory.
e. serial recall.
__3.Effective ______ of information into long-term memory is directly
related to the successful retrieval of that information at a later time.
__4.A(n) ________ is a cue that uses short rhymes (e.g., “Thirty days
hath September, . . .”) or specialized words (e.g., HOMES: Huron,
Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior), among other things, to encode
information into, and to retrieve information from, long-term memory.
a. eidetic memory
c. mnemonic device
e. recovered memory
__5.Which of the following observations emerged from Ebbinghaus’
study of human memory?
a. Serial position effect
b. Curve of forgetting
d. Curve of learning
f. All of the above emerged from Ebbinghaus’ memory research.
__6.The two constituent elements of thinking are:
a.reasoning and problem solving.
b.concepts and mental images.
c. convergent and divergent processes.
d. short-term memory and long-term memory.
e. hopes and dreams
__7.A systematic error in thinking that can lead to inaccurate conclusions/ incorrect decisions is called ______.
d. Mental set
__8.The experience of sudden awareness of the solution to a problem is called ______.
c. deductive reasoning
d. practical intelligence
__9.Theories of ______ intelligence maintain that intelligence consists of a general factor (i.e., "g") that underlies performance in a number of
__10.Intelligence tests do not consider unique talents or special aptitudes/ abilities which contribute to overall behavioral competence. As such, an intelligence test score does not provide a complete measure of an individual's intellectual ability.
__11.The symbols that make up human language are ______.
__12.According to the ______ perspective, humans are born with the
requisite biological equipment and cognitive capabilities to acquire
language, but language development is largely dependent on
__13.Literacy instruction based on the constituent sounds of a language (i.e., phonemes) is the most effective approach as it allows readers to decode (i.e., sound-out) and comprehend new/novel words.
__14.Improvements/advancements in which of the following areas explain the dramatic increase in human life expectancy since 1900?
a. Research, Education, and Public policy
b. Activism, Awareness, and Political participation
c. Medicine, Sanitation, and Nutrition
d. Cognitive engagement, Physical fitness, and a Balanced lifestyle
__15.A(n) ______ research approach looks at different groups at a single point in time and tries to identify the factors that differentiate the groups. A(n) ______ research approach starts with a single group and follows that group over a period of time to establish cause-and-effect relationships.
__16.A ______ refers to a group of people who are born at a similar point in time and who share similar life experiences as a result.
__17.Humans are most susceptible to the effects of teratogens during the ______ period.
e.Humans are equally susceptible to teratogen effects during all pre-natal periods
__18.According to Piaget, ______ occurs when individuals add new information to an existing schema, while ______ occurs when individuals change an existing schema, or create an original schema, in response to new information. Both processes move an individual to higher cognitive ground.
__19.The ______ of the mother/caregiver appears to be the determining
factor in the type of attachment formed by the infant.
__20.______ is the adjustment in the level of support provided by a more-
skilled person in response to a child's level of performance.
__21.The engagement in risky and/or health compromising/health defeating behaviors by adolescents can largely be explained by:
a.inadequate parental supervision.
b.cultural expectations of adolescent irresponsibility.
c.the incomplete development of the adolescent brain.
d.the inability of teenagers to get a clue.
e.all of the above.
__22.The most significant physical/cognitive development that occurs during Early Adulthood is:
a.the maturation of the pre-frontal cortex.
b.the maturation of the corpus callosum.
c.the achievement of full adult height and weight.
d.the maturation of sex organs and stabilization of the sex drive.
e.the selection of one's life partner.
__23.Research addressing physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional
development in Middle/Late Adulthood is providing new information that confirms many of the common stereotypes about older adults.
__24.Age-related declines in physical and cognitive function can be slowed, and function maintained, through regular physical activity and cognitive engagement. This is called the ______ principle.
b. "Not dead yet."
c. "Holding on to what you've got."
d. "Use it or lose it."
__25.According to ______, the more active and involved older adults are, and the more they can continue their Middle Adulthood roles into Late Adulthood, the more likely they are to age successfully and to be satisfied with their lives.
26.Match the following concepts/observations to the individual associated with the concept/observation by placing the letter in front of the concept/observation in the space beside the individual's name.
__ George Millera.Contact Comfort
__ Karl Lashley b.Fluid/Crystallized intelligence
__ Elizabeth Loftusc.g / g-factor in intelligence
__ Daniel Kahnemand.Engram
__ Wolfgang Kohlere.Self-efficacy
__ Charles Spearmanf.STM capacity of 7 +/- 2 items
__ Howard Gardnerg.Insight
__ Alfred Bineth.8 stages of Psychosocial Development
__ Raymond B. Cattelli.Infant attachment styles
__ Noam Chomskyj.Bias in thinking
__ Erik Eriksonk.Developed first intelligence test
__ Lev Vygotskyl.Memory is fallible
__ Harry Harlowm.Language Acquisition Device
__ Mary Ainsworthn.Zone of Proximal Development
__ Albert Bandurao.Eight "frames of mind"/intelligences
PSY 1012-2167 Test 3Page 6 of 6