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Timeline Assignment
Create an art history timeline using 10 artworks from our course lectures. This is an
opportunity to think about art history in a macro sense. Each work will be accompanied by
captions or notations describing why it was included in your timeline. 5 of your selected works
should come from the time period of 30,000 BCE-1500 CE, and 5 should come from the time
period of 1501 CE- 2019 CE.
Each of the 10 works should come from a different stylistic period, culture, or movement i.e.,
Roman Antiquity, Medieval, Japanese Art, Neoclassical, etc.
Your timeline will be graded, based on the careful consideration of each image and how they,
together, illustrate a larger grasp of art history. You should clearly illustrate why each image
deserves its place in your timeline and what it adds to the survey of art history. You are free to
choose any image from our lecture. This assignment is meant to be a course-long study tool to
help prepare you for the final exam. I recommend you work on this throughout the course,
adding 2-3 images a week, so you do not have to make the entire timeline at the end.
Format
The format of your timeline is up to you, as long as it is legible. You are welcome to create a
PowerPoint, .doc, hand drawn timeline, or something artistic. As long as you have a way to
incorporate your images, notes, and can upload a copy or scan to blackboard, you’re good to
go.
Each one of your captions or notations should be approximately 50 words.
Due Friday June 28th at 11: 59pm.
1
2
Amiens
Ste-Chapelle
Reims
3
4
Characteristics of Gothic Architecture
Flying Buttresses
Pointed Arches
Ribbed Vaults
Stained Glass
5
Flying Buttresses
Gothic Architecture
• Flying Buttresses – help distribute weight of taller building
(progression of attached buttresses in Romanesque churches)
6
Gothic Architecture
• Pointed Arches – more stable forms than rounded arches
(popular in Romanesque), allow taller interior spaces
Romanesque Rounded Arch
Gothic Pointed Arch
(ca 1000-1200)
(ca 1200-1500)
7
Gothic Architecture
• Pointed Arches – more stable forms than rounded arches
(popular in Romanesque), allow taller interior spaces
Chartres Cathedral
(begun 1194)
Reims Cathedral
(begun 1211)
Amiens Cathedral
(begun 1218)
8
Gothic Ribbed Vaults
(ca 1200-1500)
Romanesque Barrel/Groin Vaults
(ca 1000-1200)
9
Gothic Ribbed Vaults
& Pointed Arches
(ca 1200-1500)
Romanesque Barrel Vaults
& Rounded Arches
(ca 1000-1200)
10
Gothic Architecture
• Ribbed Vaults –
masonry outlining the
connections of groin
vaults
11
Gothic Architecture
• Stained Glass – colorful glass windows set in iron framework (rose windows, lancets, clerestory windows)
Romanesque Clerestory Windows
Gothic Clerestory Windows
12
Gothic Architecture
• Stained Glass – colorful glass
windows set in iron framework (rose
windows, lancets, clerestory windows)
Lancets
Rose Window
13
Basilica of St Denis
(c 1137-1144)
Abbot Suger (c 1081-1151)
“The First Gothic Cathedral”
14
Basilica of St Denis
(c 1137-1144)
Abbot Suger (c 1081-1151)
“The First Gothic Cathedral”
15
Basilica of St Denis
(c 1137-1144)
Pointed Arches
Ribbed Vaults
Stained Glass in Apse
& Clerestory
16
Basilica of St Denis
(c 1137-1144)
17
Chartres Cathedral
(begun 1194)
18
Chartres Cathedral
(1194-1260)
Flying Buttresses
19
Chartres Cathedral
• Pointed Arches – more
stable forms than
rounded arches
(popular in
Romanesque), allow
taller interior spaces
• Ribbed Vaults –
masonry outlining the
connections of groin
vaults
20
21
Chartres Cathedral
• Stained Glass – colorful glass windows set in iron
framework (rose windows, lancets, clerestory windows)
22
Chartres Cathedral
(Pilgrim’s Labyrinth)
23
Chartres Cathedral
(Pilgrim’s Labyrinth)
24
Reims Cathedral
(begun 1211)
25
Reims Cathedral
(begun 1211)
Flying Buttresses
26
Reims Cathedral
• Pointed Arches – more stable forms than
rounded arches (popular in Romanesque),
allow taller interior spaces
• Ribbed Vaults – masonry outlining the
connections of groin vaults
27
Amiens Cathedral
(begun 1218)
28
Amiens Cathedral
(begun 1218)
Flying Buttresses
29
Amiens Cathedral
• Pointed Arches – more stable forms than rounded arches (popular
in Romanesque), allow taller interior spaces
• Ribbed Vaults – masonry outlining the connections of groin vaults
30
Amiens Cathedral
Protected with piles of sandbags during World War II bombings
31
Amiens Cathedral
Protected with piles of sandbags during World War II bombings
32
Sainte-Chapelle
(begun 1238)
33
Sainte-Chapelle
(begun 1238)
• King Louis IX (St Louis) & holy relics
(Crown of Thorns & True Cross)
• Architectural reliquary
• Over 1,000 scenes
• Over 6,500 square-feet
34
Sainte-Chapelle
(begun 1238)
• King Louis IX (St Louis)
& holy relics (Crown of
Thorns & True Cross)
• Architectural reliquary
• Over 1,000 scenes
• Over 6,500 square-feet
35
Sainte-Chapelle
(begun 1238)
• Fifteen lancet windows in nave and
apse (c 1250) – 50 ft x 14 ft
• Nave: Old Testament (Pentateuch,
Old Testament Kings & Prophets)
36
SainteChapelle
(begun 1238)
Fifteen lancet
windows in nave
and apse (c 1250)
– 50 ft x 14 ft
Nave: Old
Testament
(Pentateuch, Old
Testament Kings
& Prophets)
37
Sainte-Chapelle
(begun 1238)
• Commissioned by King Louis IX
(St Louis) to hold relics of Crown
of Thorns & True Cross
• Architectural reliquary
• Apse: New Testament (Infancy
of Christ, Passion, Life of John
the Evangelist)
38
39
Sainte-Chapelle, Lower Chapel
Sainte-Chapelle
(begun 1238)
• Re-discovery of Christ’s relics and translation
of relics to Paris by Louis IX
40
Sainte-Chapelle
(begun 1238)
• Apse: New Testament (Infancy
of Christ, Passion, Life of John
the Evangelist)
• Flagellation of Christ
• Crowned with Thorns
41
Sainte-Chapelle
(begun 1238)
• Rose window (c 1490) – 16 ft
42
43
44
45
Notre-Dame de Paris, begun in 1163
Burned April 15, 2019
46
47
1
2
Art of Ancient Greece
(ca 700 – 100 BCE)
(late
700 BCE
7th
Archaic
C – early 5th C BCE)
600 BCE
Kouros Figure
(c 590-580 BCE)
Classical
(c 480 – 323 BCE)
500 BCE
400 BCE
Doryphoros (Spear-Bearer)
(Original c 460 BCE)
Black-Figure Amphora
(c 530 BCE)
Hellenistic
(c 323 – 146 BCE)
300 BCE
Riace Warriors
(c 460 BCE)
200 BCE
Venus of Knidos
(Original 4th C BCE)
100 BCE
Laocoön
(Original c 150 BCE)
Red-Figure Krater
(c 515-510 BCE)
3
Ancient Greece


“Man is the measure of all things.” – Protagoras
Value of humanity – worshipped gods, but the
gods were often shown as idealized humans
(with human-like emotional/character flaws)
Emphasis on the individual
Democracy – Ruled by “demos” (people)
• Not equal rights for women or slaves
Philosophy, Mathematics, Science
Idealized human form (physical fitness) as
symbolic of high intellect and morals




Acropolis of Athens



Acropolis – complex of buildings on high point
in cities; fortress and religious center
Dedicated to Athena (Goddess of war, wisdom,
and the arts)
Parthenon is temple for Athena and war treasury
4
Acropolis of Athens
Parthenon, 447-432 BCE
5
Parthenon, 447-432 BCE
• Iktinos & Kallikrates (architects)
• Dedicated to Goddess Athena
• Original wooden ceiling destroyed 1687
(Persian munitions explosion)
6
Parthenon, 447-432 BCE
• Iktinos & Kallikrates (architects)
• Dedicated to Goddess Athena
• Original wooden ceiling destroyed 1687
(Persian munitions explosion)
• Golden Ratio
7
‹#›
Parthenon, 447-432 BCE
9
Parthenon, 447-432 BCE
Reproduction with
monumental sculpture
of Athena inside
10
Parthenon, 447-432 BCE
Reproduction of monumental
sculpture of Athena
11
Parthenon, 447-432 BCE
• Pediment sculptures
• East – Birth of Athena
• West – Quarrel between Athena and Poseidon
• “Elgin Marbles” – Sculptures taken to London from Athens by Lord
Elgin around 1801-1805 (with permission by then-ruling Turks)
• British Museum in London (Acropolis Museum in Athens, opened 2009,
has asked for their “return”)
12
Birth of Athena
13
Quarrel between Athena & Poseidon
14
Parthenon, 447-432 BCE
Metope Sculptures: Centaurs & Lapiths
15
Parthenon
Metope Sculptures:
Centaurs & Lapiths
Centaurs = Persians
Lapiths = Athenians
16
17
Ancient Greek Sculpture (and Roman Copies)
(late
7th
Archaic
C – early 5th C BCE)
Classical
(c 480 – 323 BCE)
Hellenistic
(c 323 – 146 BCE)
18
Kouros Figure, 590-580 BCE
• Archaic – Ancient Egyptian influence
• Rigid & mostly static
• Stylized (not individualized)
• 6 ft 4 in tall
19
Korai Figure (“Peplos Korai”), c 530 BCE
• Archaic – Ancient Egyptian influence
• Rigid & mostly static
• Stylized (not individualized)
• Archaic female figures always clothed
• Reminder: Greek marble sculptures
were originally painted!
20
Tenea Kouros Figure, c 560 BCE
• Archaic – Ancient Egyptian influence
• Rigid & mostly static
• Stylized (not individualized)
• “Archaic smile”
21
22
“Kritios Boy”, c 560 BCE





Bridge between Archaic & Classical
Less rigid than Kouros
More movement
Individuality (less stylized)
Slight “Archaic smile”
23
Riace Warriors, c 460 BCE
• Classical
• Lost-wax method, bronze
casting
• Discovered off-shore of Riace,
Italy in 1972
• Athletic bodies, dynamic
pose, individualized facial
features and musculature
24
Riace Warriors, c 460 BCE
• Classical
• Lost-wax method, bronze
casting
• Discovered off-shore of Riace,
Italy in 1972
• Athletic bodies, dynamic
pose, individualized facial
features and musculature
25
Doryphorus (Spear-Bearer), c 460 BCE
• Classical
• Roman marble copy of Greek
(probably bronze) original
• Original sculpted by Polykleitos to
illustrate his “Canon of Proportions”
26
Polykleitos’ Canon of Proportions
27
Doryphorus (Spear-Bearer), c 460 BCE
• Classical
• Sculpted by Polykleitos to illustrate
his “Canon of Proportions”
• Contrapposto – “counterpoise”
28
Venus of Knidos, 4th C. BCE
• Classical
• Roman marble copy of Greek
(probably bronze) original
• Contrapposto – “counterpoise”
• Thought to be first fully-nude female
sculpture in Ancient Greece (none in
Archaic period)
• Aphrodite preparing for her bath
(“Venus at her toilette”)
29
Laocoön, c 150 BCE
• Hellenistic
• Roman marble copy of Greek
(probably bronze) original
• Discovered in Rome in 1506
(inspired Michelangelo)




Drama
Emotion
Dynamic motion
Narrative
30
31
Nike of Samothrace
(“Winged Victory”), c 200-190 BCE
• Hellenistic
• Drama
• Dynamic motion
32
33
Nike of Samothrace
(“Winged Victory”), c 200-190 BCE
• Hellenistic
• Drama
• Dynamic motion
• Prominently displayed in Louvre
Museum in Paris since 1884
34
Farnese Hercules,
c 4th C BCE
• Hellenistic
• Roman marble copy
of Greek original
• Drama
• Emotion
35
Ancient Greek Sculpture (and Roman Copies)
(late
7th
Archaic
C – early 5th C BCE)
Classical
(c 480 – 323 BCE)
Hellenistic
(c 323 – 146 BCE)
36
‹#›
2
Kyoto – Capital of Japan until c. 1870
Edo/Tokyo – Seat of shogunate, called Edo,
until Meiji Emperors move capital there,
rename city Tokyo c. 1870
Mt Fuji
Mt Fuji – Largest mountain in Japan (12,388 ft)
Hiroshima & Nagasaki – Targets of American
atomic bombs in WWII
3
Buddhism
• Teachings and philosophy of Prince Siddharta
Gautama (563-485 BCE) – Buddha, “Enlightened One”
• Samsara – Cycle of birth, death, reincarnation
• Enlightenment & Nirvana (end of suffering)
• Zen Buddhism – Meditation and introspection, focus
on individual moments and daily tasks
• Disciplined observation of mundane things can
lead to Enlightenment
Great Buddha, 1252, Kamakura (Japan)
Bronze, 44 ft tall
4
Shinto (“The Way of the Gods”)
• Polytheistic
• Respect for nature and ancestors
• Meditation and quiet reflection
• Non-human entities possess a spiritual essence (Kami)
• Often combined with Buddhism in Japan
Torii Gates at Fushimi Inari-Taisha in Kyoto, Japan
Founded 711, dedicated to Inari (God of rice & commerce)
5
Edo Period (1600-1868)

Tokugawa Shogunate (Japanese military government)

Shōgun – Leader of Shogunate

Samurai – Bureaucrats & administrators (c 1600-1853)

Japan closes borders (except to China, North Korea, and
occasionally Dutch traders) in 1830s

Suppressed social unrest with strict punishments or execution
(Christianity outlawed)

Higher classes in Edo, lavish lifestyles

Ukiyo (“Floating World”) – time is fleeting, enjoyment of life

Ukiyo-e (“Images of the Floating World”) – art, especially
woodcuts, celebrating beauty of life

Ukiyo-e woodcut artists: Kitagawa Utamaro (1753-1806) &
Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849)
6
Lavish Lifestyles of Upper Class in Edo
• Ukiyo (“Floating World”): Time is fleeting,
enjoyment of life
• Ukiyo-e (“Images of the Floating World”): Art,
especially woodcuts, celebrating beauty of life
• Ukiyo-e woodcut artists: Kitagawa Utamaro
(1753-1806) & Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849)
Kitagawa Utamaro, Okita of the Naniwaya Teahouse, 1793,
Colored Woodcut
7
Lavish Lifestyles of Upper Class in Edo
• Ukiyo (“Floating World”): Time is fleeting,
enjoyment of life
• Ukiyo-e (“Images of the Floating World”): Art,
especially woodcuts, celebrating beauty of life
• Ukiyo-e woodcut artists: Kitagawa Utamaro
(1753-1806) & Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849)
Kitagawa Utamaro, Two Women, c 1790, Colored Woodcut
8
Lavish Lifestyles of Upper Class in Edo
• Ukiyo (“Floating World”): Time is fleeting,
enjoyment of life
• Ukiyo-e (“Images of the Floating World”): Art,
especially woodcuts, celebrating beauty of life
• Ukiyo-e woodcut artists: Kitagawa Utamaro
(1753-1806) & Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849)
Kitagawa Utamaro, The Artist Relaxing at a Party, 1790s,
Colored Woodcut
9
Katsushika
Hokusai
“The Great Wave
off Shore at
Kanagawa”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
10
Mount Fuji
Highest peak in
Japan (12,388 ft)
Active volcano (last
erupted in 1707)
Powerful Kami
(spirit) in Shinto
Stable, strong,
constant
11
Katsushika
Hokusai
“The Great Wave
off Shore at
Kanagawa”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
12
‹#›
‹#›
‹#›
‹#›
‹#›
‹#›
‹#›
Printing a Japanese Woodcut
Key Block – Outline
Each color printed with
separate block
“Great Wave” has 7 colors
=
8 Blocks (Key + Colors)
20
Katsushika
Hokusai
“The Great Wave
off Shore at
Kanagawa”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
21
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Red Fuji”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
22
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Inume Pass in
Koshu Province”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
23
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Cranes at
Umezawa Manor in
Sagami Province”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
24
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Sea Route at
Kazusa Province”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
25
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Mannen bridge in
Fukagawa”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
26
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Koishikawa in
Snow”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
27
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Sekiya near the
Sumida river”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
28
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Surugadai”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
29
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Fujimi-ga-hara”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
30
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Waterwheel at
Onden”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
31
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Noboto Bay”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
32
Katsushika
Hokusai
“Carpenters at
Work in Totomi
Province”
Thirty-Six Views of
Mount Fuji Series
1826-1833
Colored Woodcut
33
Meiji Period (1868-1912)

1868 – Emperor defeats Tokugawa Shogunate (ends
“Edo Period”), moves capital from Kyoto to Edo
(renamed Tokyo)

Opened borders – modernization & “Westernization”

Reformed government & lifted ban on Christianity
34
Japan in World War II

December 7, 1941 – Japan launches surprise
attack on U.S. Naval base in Pearl Harbor,
Hawaii (kills 2,403)

December 8-11, 1941 – U.S. officially enters
WWII

August 6, 1945 – U.S. drops atomic bomb on
Hiroshima, Japan (first in history of world)


Kills at least 140,000, roughly 39% of the
city’s population
August 9, 1945 – U.S. drops atomic bomb on
Nagasaki, Japan (second and last in history
of world)

Kills at least 70,000 (only 150 of which
were Japanese military), roughly 28% of
city’s population

August 14, 1945 – Japan surrenders

Culture in Japan is forever changed – Much
of it is lost or destroyed in the atomic bombs
Hiroshima
35
Japan in World War II

December 7, 1941 – Japan launches surprise
attack on U.S. Naval base in Pearl Harbor,
Hawaii (kills 2,403)

December 8-11, 1941 – U.S. officially enters
WWII

August 6, 1945 – U.S. drops atomic bomb on
Hiroshima, Japan (first in history of world)


Kills at least 140,000, roughly 39% of the
city’s population
August 9, 1945 – U.S. drops atomic bomb on
Nagasaki, Japan (second and last in history
of world)

Kills at least 70,000 (only 150 of which
were Japanese military), roughly 28% of
city’s population

August 14, 1945 – Japan surrenders

Culture in Japan is forever changed – Much
of it is lost or destroyed in the atomic bombs
Hiroshima
36
Japan in World War II

December 7, 1941 – Japan launches surprise
attack on U.S. Naval base in Pearl Harbor,
Hawaii (kills 2,403)

December 8-11, 1941 – U.S. officially enters
WWII

August 6, 1945 – U.S. drops atomic bomb on
Hiroshima, Japan (first in history of world)


Kills at least 140,000, roughly 39% of the
city’s population
August 9, 1945 – U.S. drops atomic bomb on
Nagasaki, Japan (second and last in history
of world)

Kills at least 70,000 (only 150 of which
were Japanese military), roughly 28% of
city’s population

August 14, 1945 – Japan surrenders

Culture in Japan is forever changed – Much
of it is lost or destroyed in the atomic bombs
Nagasaki
37
Sonoko Sasaki
• Born 1939 in Tokyo
• Named a “National Living Treasure” for her role in
preserving a traditional, historic Japanese craft
• Tsumugi-Ori – Thread spun from silk cocoon “leftovers”
• Dyed, woven, and sewn into Kimono
• Earth and Nature – utilizes natural materials, dyes and
relies on elements (water, sun, wind)
• Ancestry and Heritage – preserving traditions
38
Yayoi Kusama
• Born 1929 in Matsumoto
• Installation artist: infinity mirrors, immersive
experiences; dizzying environments
• Inspired by Pop Art
• Biographical Analysis: Incorporates visions from
childhood hallucinations
• Flashes of light, fields of dots, flowers speaking to
her, fabric patterns coming to live, multiplying,
engulfing her (“self-obliteration”)
• At 13, she was sent to work in a Japanese military
factory sewing parachutes
• Frequently heard air-raid alerts and B-29
airplanes flying overhead
• Values personal and creative freedom after her
experiences during and after WWII
With all my love for the tulips, I pray forever (2011)
39
Self-Obliteration through Repetition
40
Self-Obliteration through Repetition
41
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