Expert answer:SPCH1080 SUNY at Buffalo Biographical Presentation

  

Solved by verified expert:Hello, I need help biographical presentation for public speaking class. I chose “William Shakespeare’s Biography.” I uploaded three files for you. First files is Assignment Guidelines, second is Types of Outlines and third is Sources. Please let me know if you have any questions and need more informations.
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Biographical presentations
As you know if you have read the unit instructions, this week you will be researching and
completing a biographical presentation. As you conduct this research, I strongly encourage you
to pursue questions that occur to you as interesting about the person’s life. Instead of attempting
to make your presentation an overall summary of a person’s life, which couldn’t possibly be fair
in the first place, look for one aspect of their life–perhaps even one specific moment or
challenge they encountered–and dig in. The more you let your own curiosity drive your
thinking about your subject, the more interesting and powerful your presentation will be
for others. This is a key principle worth remembering from this class!
To complete the discussion requirement for this week:
By Wednesday, June 4, reply to this post with a post that tells us:
• SUBJECT: Who are you researching for your biographical presentation?
• INTEREST: At this point in your research, what is most interesting about this person’s
story for you?
By Sunday, June 9, reply to your own initial post with a new post that includes:
1. Your video presentation embedded in it.
2. The outline for your speech.
3. Bibliographic information for your sources (MLA style).
Assignment Guidelines
Biographical Speech [Online Version]
Time limit:
4-8 minutes
By Sunday, June 9, reply to your own initial post with a new post that includes:
1. Your video presentation embedded in it.
2. The outline for your speech.
3. Bibliographic information for your sources (MLA style).
Assignment Description
In this presentation you will enrich your audience’s appreciation of a person or group who/that has
contributed something meaningful to our lives today. This person or group need not be especially
famous. In fact, if your subject is already well known, you should make an extra effort to present them in
a way that helps your audience appreciate them in a distinctly new way.
Research
Your speech should make use of relevant facts from at least three credible sources. You will share the
bibliographic information for these sources in MLA format (along with your outline, which is described
below) in the discussion board post in which you embed your presentation. To locate your sources, I
recommend that you use the CCC library databases.
Audio/video: For this speech, you may use outside audio and graphics in support of your presentation.
VIDEO support (YouTube videos, etc.) will NOT be permitted.
Outline: In preparation for your presentation, you are required to develop an outline, which you will
share (along with your sources) in the post in which you embed your presentation. This outline should
include the main points and supporting facts and reasoning for your presentation. I do not require a
specific format for the outlines, but I recommend following one of the formats recommended in Stand
Up, Speak Out in the “Types of Outlines” subchapter.
Rubric
Preparation, Intro and Conclusion, Flow-Levels of Achievement:
No Credit 0 (0.00%) points
Needs Work 0.5 (12.50%) points
Competent 0.75 (18.75%) points
Proficient 1 (25.00%) points
Organization, Development-Levels of Achievement:
No Credit 0 (0.00%) points
Needs Work 0.5 (12.50%) points
Competent 0.75 (18.75%) points
Proficient 1 (25.00%) points
Vocal Technique-Levels of Achievement:
No Credit 0 (0.00%) points
Needs Work 0.5 (12.50%) points
Competent 0.75 (18.75%) points
Proficient 1 (25.00%) points
Physical Technique (including eye contact and use of visual aids)-Levels of Achievement:
No Credit 0 (0.00%) points
Needs Work 0.5 (12.50%) points
Competent 0.75 (18.75%) points
Proficient 1 (25.00%) points
Types of Outlines
LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Define three types of outlines: working outline, full-sentence outline, and speaking outline.

Identify the advantages of using notecards to present your speaking outline.
When we discuss outlining, we are actually focusing on a series of outlines instead of a single
one. Outlines are designed to evolve throughout your speech preparation process, so this section
will discuss how you progress from a working outline to a full-sentence outline and, finally, a
speaking outline. We will also discuss how using notecards for your speaking outline can be
helpful to you as a speaker.
Working Outline
A working outline is an outline you use for developing your speech. It undergoes many changes
on its way to completion. This is the outline where you lay out the basic structure of your speech.
You must have a general and specific purpose; an introduction, including a grabber; and a
concrete, specific thesis statement and preview. You also need three main points, a conclusion,
and a list of references.
One strategy for beginning your working outline is to begin by typing in your labels for each of
the elements. Later you can fill in the content.
When you look ahead to the full-sentence outline, you will notice that each of the three main
points moves from the general to the particular. Specifically, each main point is a claim,
followed by particular information that supports that claim so that the audience will perceive its
validity. For example, for a speech about coal mining safety, your first main point might focus
on the idea that coal mining is a hazardous occupation. You might begin by making a very
general claim, such as “Coal mining is one of the most hazardous occupations in the United
States,” and then become more specific by providing statistics, authoritative quotations, or
examples to support your primary claim.
A working outline allows you to work out the kinks in your message. For instance, let’s say
you’ve made the claim that coal mining is a hazardous occupation but you cannot find
authoritative evidence as support. Now you must reexamine that main point to assess its validity.
You might have to change that main point in order to be able to support it. If you do so, however,
you must make sure the new main point is a logical part of the thesis statement–three main
points–conclusion sequence.
The working outline shouldn’t be thought of a “rough copy,” but as a careful step in the
development of your message. It will take time to develop. Here is an example of a working
outline:
Name: Anomaly May McGillicuddy
Topic: Smart dust
General Purpose: To inform
Specific Purpose: To inform a group of science students about the potential of smart dust
Main Ideas:
1. Smart dust is an assembly of microcomputers.
2. Smart dust can be used by the military—no, no—smart dust could be an enormous asset in
covert military operations. (That’s better because it is more clear and precise.)
3. Smart dust could also have applications to daily life.
Introduction: (Grabber) (fill in later)
(Thesis Statement) Thus far, researchers hypothesize that smart dust could be used for
everything from tracking patients in hospitals to early warnings of natural disasters and
defending against bioterrorism.
(Preview) Today, I’m going to explain what smart dust is and the various applications smart dust
has in the near future. To help us understand the small of it all, we will first examine what smart
dust is and how it works. We will then examine some military applications of smart dust. And
we will end by discussing some nonmilitary applications of smart dust.
(Transition) (fill in later)
Main Point I: Dr. Kris Pister, a professor in the robotics lab at the University of California at
Berkeley, originally conceived the idea of smart dust in 1998 as part of a project funded by the
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
1. (supporting point)
2. (supporting point)
(Transition) (fill in later)
Main Point II: Because smart dust was originally conceptualized under a grant from DARPA,
military uses of smart dust have been widely theorized and examined.
1. (supporting point)
2. (supporting point)
(Transition) (fill in later)
Main Point III: According to the smart dust project website, smart dust could quickly become a
common part of our daily lives.
1. (supporting point)
2. (supporting point)
(Transition) (fill in later)
Conclusion: (Bring your message “full circle” and create a psychologically satisfying closure.)
This stage of preparation turns out to be a good place to go back and examine whether all the
main points are directly related to the thesis statement and to each other. If so, your message has
a strong potential for unity of focus. But if the relationship of one of the main points is weak, this
is the time to strengthen it. It will be more difficult later for two reasons: first, the sheer amount
of text on your pages will make the visual task more difficult, and second, it becomes
increasingly difficult to change things in which you have a large investment in time and thought.
You can see that this working outline can lay a strong foundation for the rest of your message. Its
organization is visually apparent. Once you are confident in the internal unity of your basic
message, you can begin filling in the supporting points in descending detail—that is, from the
general (main points) to the particular (supporting points) and then to greater detail. The outline
makes it visually apparent where information fits. You only need to assess your supporting
points to be sure they’re authoritative and directly relevant to the main points they should
support.
Sometimes transitions seem troublesome, and that’s not surprising. We often omit them when we
have informal conversations. Our conversation partners understand what we mean because of our
gestures and vocal strategies. However, others might not understand what we mean, but think
they do, and so we might never know whether they understood us. Even when we include
transitions, we don’t generally identify them as transitions. In a speech, however, we need to use
effective transitions as a gateway from one main point to the next. The listener needs to know
when a speaker is moving from one main point to the next.
In the next type of outline, the full-sentence outline, take a look at the transitions and see how
they make the listener aware of the shifting focus to the next main point.
Full-Sentence Outline
Your full-sentence outline should contain full sentences only. There are several reasons why this
kind of outline is important. First, you have a full plan of everything you intend to say to your
audience, so that you will not have to struggle with wordings or examples. Second, you have a
clear idea of how much time it will take to present your speech. Third, it contributes a
fundamental ingredient of good preparation, part of your ethical responsibility to your audience.
This is how a full-sentence outline looks:
Name: Anomaly May McGillicuddy
Topic: Smart dust
General Purpose: To inform
Specific Purpose: To inform a group of science students about the potential of smart dust.
Main Ideas:
1. Smart dust is an assembly of microcomputers.
2. Smart dust could be an enormous asset in covert military operations.
3. Smart dust could also have applications to daily life.
Introduction: (Grabber) In 2002, famed science fiction writer, Michael Crichton, released his
book Prey, which was about a swarm of nanomachines that were feeding off living tissue. The
nanomachines were solar powered, self-sufficient, and intelligent. Most disturbingly, the
nanomachines could work together as a swarm as it took over and killed its prey in its need for
new resources. The technology for this level of sophistication in nanotechnology is surprisingly
more science fact than science fiction. In 2000, three professors of electrical engineering and
computer Science at the University of California at Berkeley, Kahn, Katz, and Pister,
hypothesized in the Journal of Communications and Networks that wireless networks of tiny
microelectromechanical sensors, or MEMS; robots; or devices could detect phenomena including
light, temperature, or vibration. By 2004, Fortune Magazine listed “smart dust” as the first in
their “Top 10 Tech Trends to Bet On.”
(Thesis Statement) Thus far researchers hypothesized that smart dust could be used for
everything from tracking patients in hospitals to early warnings of natural disasters and as a
defense against bioterrorism.
(Preview) Today, I’m going to explain what smart dust is and the various applications smart dust
has in the near future. To help us understand the small of it all, we will first examine what smart
dust is and how it works. We will then examine some military applications of smart dust. And
we will end by discussing some nonmilitary applications of smart dust.
(Transition) To help us understand smart dust, we will begin by first examining what smart dust
is.
Main Point I: Dr. Kris Pister, a professor in the robotics lab at the University of California at
Berkeley, originally conceived the idea of smart dust in 1998 as part of a project funded by the
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
1. According to a 2001 article written by Bret Warneke, Matt Last, Brian Liebowitz, and Kris
Pister titled “Smart Dust: Communicating with a Cubic-Millimeter Computer” published
in Computer, Pister’s goal was to build a device that contained a built-in sensor,
communication device, and a small computer that could be integrated into a cubic
millimeter package.
2. For comparison purposes, Doug Steel, in a 2005 white paper titled “Smart Dust” written
for C. T. Bauer College of Business at the University of Houston, noted that a single grain
of rice has a volume of five cubic millimeters.
1. Each individual piece of dust, called a mote, would then have the ability to interact
with other motes and supercomputers.
2. As Steve Lohr wrote in the January 30, 2010, edition of the New York Times in an
article titled “Smart Dust? Not Quite, But We’re Getting There,” smart dust could
eventually consist of “Tiny digital sensors, strewn around the glove, gathering all
sorts of information and communicating with powerful computer networks to
monitor, measure, and understand the physical world in new ways.”
(Transition) Now that we’ve examined what smart dust is, let’s switch gears and talk about
some of the military applications for smart dust.
Main Point II: Because smart dust was originally conceptualized under a grant from DARPA,
military uses of smart dust have been widely theorized and examined.
1. According to the smart dust website, smart dust could eventually be used for “battlefield
surveillance, treaty monitoring, transportation monitoring, scud hunting” and other clear
military applications.
1. Probably the number one benefit of smart dust in the military environment is its
surveillance abilities.
1. Major Scott Dickson, in a Blue Horizons paper written for the US Air Force
Center for Strategy and Technology’s Air War College, sees smart dust as
helping the military in battlespace awareness, homeland security, and
weapons of mass destruction (WMD) identification.
2. Furthermore, Major Dickson also believes it may be possible to create smart
dust that has the ability to defeat communications jamming equipment created
by foreign governments, which could help the US military not only
communicate among itself, but could also increase communications with
civilians in military combat zones.
2. According to a 2010 article written by Jessica Griggs in new Scientist, one of the first
benefits of smart dust could be an early defense warning for space storms and other debris
that could be catastrophic.
(Transition) Now that we’ve explored some of the military benefits of smart dust, let’s switch
gears and see how smart dust may be able to have an impact on our daily lives.
Main Point III: According to the smart dust project website, smart dust could quickly become a
common part of our daily lives.
1. Everything from pasting smart dust particles to our finger tips to create a virtual computer
keyboard to inventory control to product quality control have been discussed as possible
applications for smart dust.
1. Steve Lohr, in his 2010 New York Times article, wrote, “The applications for sensorbased computing, experts say, include buildings that manage their own energy use,
bridges that sense motion and metal fatigue to tell engineers they need repairs, cars
that track traffic patterns and report potholes, and fruit and vegetable shipments that
tell grocers when they ripen and begin to spoil.”
2. Medically, according to the smart dust website, smart dust could help disabled individuals
interface with computers.
1. Theoretically, we could all be injected with smart dust, which relays information to
our physicians and detects adverse changes to our body instantly.
2. Smart dust could detect the microscopic formations of center cells or alert us when
we’ve been infected by a bacterium or virus, which could speed up treatment and
prolong all of our lives.
(Transition) Today, we’ve explored what smart dust is, how smart dust could be utilized by the
US military, and how smart dust could impact all of our lives in the near future.
Conclusion: While smart dust is quickly transferring from science fiction to science fact, experts
agree that the full potential of smart dust will probably not occur until 2025. Smart dust is
definitely in our near future, but swarms of smart dust eating people as was depicted in Michael
Crichton’s 2002 novel, Prey, isn’t reality. However, as with any technological advance, there are
definite ethical considerations and worries related to smart dust. Even Dr. Kris Pister’s smart
dust project website admits that as smart dust becomes more readily available, one of the tradeoffs will be privacy. Pister responds to these critiques by saying, “As an engineer, or a scientist,
or a hair stylist, everyone needs to evaluate what they do in terms of its positive and negative
effect. If I thought that the negatives of working on this project were greater than or even
comparable to the positives, I wouldn’t be working on it. As it turns out, I think that the potential
benefits of this technology far outweigh the risks to personal privacy.”
References
Crichton, M. (2002). Prey. New York, NY: Harper Collins.
Dickson, S. (2007, April). Enabling battlespace persistent surveillance: the firm, function, and
future of smart dust (Blue Horizons Paper, Center for Strategy and Technology, USAF Air War
College). Retrieved from USAF Air War College
website: http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/cst/bh_dickson.pdf
Griggs, J. (2010, February 6). Smart dust to provide solar early warning defense. New Scientist,
205(2746), 22.
Kahn, J. M., Katz, R. H., & Pister, K. S. J. (2000). Emerging challenges: Mobile networking for
“smart dust.” Journal of Communications and Networks, 2, 188–196.
Lohr, S. (2010, January 30). Smart dust? Not quite, but we’re getting there. New York Times.
Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Pister, K., Kahn, J., & Boser, B. (n.d.). Smart dust: Autonomous sensing and communication at the
cubic millimeter. Retrieved from http://robotics.eecs.berkeley.edu/~pister/SmartDust
Steel, D. (2005, March). Smart dust: UH ISRC technology briefing. Retrieved
from http://www.uhisrc.com
Vogelstein, F., Boyle, M., Lewis, P., Kirkpatrick, D., Lashinsky, A.,…Chen, C. (2004, February
23). 10 tech trends to bet on. Fortune, 149(4), 74–88.
Warneke, B., Last, M., Liebowitz, B., & Pister, K. S. J. (2001). Smart dust: Communicating with a
cubic millimeter computer. Computer, 31, 44–51.
When you prepare your full-sentence outline carefully, it may take as much as 1 ½ hours to
complete the first part of the outline from your name at the top through the introduction. When
you’ve completed that part, take a break and do something else. When you return to the outline,
you should be able to complete your draft in another 1 ½ hours. After that, you only need to do a
detailed check for completeness, accuracy, relevance, balance, om …
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