Solved by verified expert:Answer the following questions. For essay questions, only one paragraph is needed.
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Define the “equal time” rule and provide an example of how it works.
What is priming and how does it work?
What is the role of the Federal Communications Commission?
Why are pseudo-events valuable for both politicians and the media?
What roles do elites and media play in opinion formation? Give two examples.
Why does the media prefer to cover the president rather than Congress?
How did William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer change political journalism?
Discuss how social media is changing political campaigning.
Define a media conglomerate and discuss how they can impact media diversity.
Why are selective exposure and selective attention important concepts in Political
11. What is the Low-Choice media environment and High-Choice media environment? Why are they
12. How does horse-race journalism affect the coverage of campaigns and voters’ impression of those
13. Identify some of the techniques candidates have developed to bypass the established media.
14. Discuss the criteria that are employed in deciding whether or not to report something as
Why is the idea of liberal media bias so widespread? Does it exist in practice and if so to what extent?
Why is the critique of liberal media misleading? What are major media bias and how do they impact
Discuss how the framing effect can change the results of a survey and provide an example.
Explain why straw polls are not good measures of public opinion.
Define opinion stability and provide an example of opinion instability.
Choose two of the agents of socialization that have had the greatest impact on your political
views and explain why.
What is partisan sorting? Why it is significant?
Explain the relationship between participation and socialization.
What is the connection between opinion intensity and opinion saliency?
Discuss two of the differences between African American and Hispanic political opinion.
Describe how a random probability sample works.
What is rational ignorance?
Name two important information shortcuts? (p.385)
What is social identity and why is it important?
Explain why political efficacy matters when we try to study public opinion.
Why has public trust in government declined since the 1960s? Give at least three examples.
15. Define political culture and explain why it is important in understanding politics
16. Compare and contrast the general political views of men and women.
17. Compare and contrast the general political views of whites and African Americans and
Latinos. Address major within group differences.
Campaigns & Elections
What is a candidate-centered campaign, and how do such campaigns impact parties?
Give an example of a current electoral coalition for one of the major parties.
What do Keynesians believe, and to which party are they connected?
What are platforms, and why do parties create them?
Who is involved in the party-in-the-electorate, and what role do they play in party politics?
Define and give an example of patronage.
What is realignment, and how is it different from realignment?
Explain how a political party differs from an interest group.
What is the importance of the candidate-centered campaign, and how has it changed
What is political gridlock? Is one party more responsible for this, how so?
What is partisan sorting and how has it contributed to hyper partisanship?
What is the difference between closed and open primaries?
How are super delegates different from regular delegates?
Explain the difference between an initiative and a referendum.
Discuss the advantages incumbents have in an election.
What is soft money, and why is it important in a campaign?
Discuss how the introduction of political consultants has changed the nature of campaigning.
What is the importance of the Citizens United decision by the Supreme Court for political
10. What is the importance of the McCutcheon decision by the Supreme Court for political campaigns?
11. What is a partisan primary, and how does it differ from a nonpartisan primary?
What is the free-rider problem, and why does it matter?
Define and provide an example of grassroots pressure.
What are the differences between a PAC and a super PAC?
What is astroturfing, and why does it cast a negative light on lobbying?
Define single-issue interest groups and give an example of a group that might create such an
6. What would the likely countervailing forces be for a group lobbying on behalf of college students?
Provide two examples.
7. Under what circumstances is the size of an interest group irrelevant?
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