Solved by verified expert:ewording of 10 page paper. References, outline, annotated biography included
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HSCO 509 Research Paper Instructions
Choose a culture other than your own. This paper is an opportunity to research and learn about a
culture that you may currently work with, anticipate working with in the future, or would like to
learn more about.
Choose a culture:
Middle Eastern or Arab Americans African Americans
Subgroup: see note below
You may choose to focus on a subgroup, for example: Alaskan Indians, Mexican Americans,
Korean Americans. Research will show common trends or patterns, but it is understood that a
counselor or other human services professional would never over-generalize or make
assumptions based on race or ethnicity.
Next, choose a counseling topic:
Marriage and Family
Guidance and Career
Grief and Loss
Title Page: Include a Running head and page numbers in the header. The Running head is an
abbreviated title for your paper (for example, if the paper title was Substance Abuse Counseling
With Latin Americans, the left header might be: Running head: SUBSTANCE ABUSE). Page
numbers begin on the title page in the right header (number only). Centered on the title page,
between the top and middle of the page, is the Paper Title, Your Name, and Liberty University
(no other information). Use Times New Roman, 12 point font for academic papers.
Abstract: The abstract is a summary of what you cover in your paper; this differs from the
introduction. Center the Abstract heading (do not bold) on p. 2. The abstract is one paragraph,
not indented, double-spaced, with no direct quotes or citations. The abstract is between 150-250
words. It should be in past or present tense, not future tense. Do not use personal language (I,
me, we, my, for example) in the abstract. The abstract should be alone on page 2.
Do not include the topic rationale you write in Week 2, the outline you write in Week 3, or the
annotated bibliography you write in Week 4, in your final paper. These are tools to help you
prepare and write your final paper. The body of the paper (not including the title page, abstract,
or references) should be 8-10 pages.
Introduction: One paragraph where you introduce the paper. Do not use a heading for the
introductory paragraph. This goes below the paper title (centered at the top of the first page of
text, which will be p. 3). ½ page
Keep in mind, that each section below must be based on your research from journal articles (not
blogs, newspaper articles, books, or book reviews). There should be citations in each section of
the body of your paper. Do not use first person pronouns (I/we/me/my/myself, for example) as
research papers are not based on opinion or personal perspective.
In the first section, include recent research on the topic and culture. Give recent statistics
(prevalence rates, information on geographic or population clusters). Aim to include what is
important for colleagues to know to best work with this population to meet the specific need you
are researching. Some examples of information to explore here include: family dynamics (childrearing practices, parental roles, obligations of children to parents, nature of relationships among
family members, kinship bonds, gender roles, aging, extended family, clan, role of elders, tribal
councils, etc.); political and economic concerns (poverty and income levels, value of education,
unemployment, reservations/Bureau of Indian Affairs, immigration, etc.); communication
(bilingualism, nonverbal/body language, personal space, problem-solving, silence, eye
movement, music/dance/art as communication, concept of time). 3-4 pages
In the second section, identify specific strategies and approaches to use with this population to
address the needs explored in the previous section. Have you ever gone to a conference where
the presenter spent the entire time talking about what the problem was, and you thought to
yourself, now what? This section is just as important as the previous section. Devote equal
space to researching and explaining strategies, approaches, and methods for meeting the need.
Identify specific counseling therapies and techniques that you believe would work best with this
population, explaining why and how you would use this approach. Some examples of popular
counseling therapies include existential therapy, behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, rational
emotive behavior-therapy, reality therapy, family systems theory, solution-focused therapy,
narrative therapy, and creative arts therapies. I encourage you to look for non-Western based
counseling approaches to write about in this section, or consider how you could adapt Westernbased approaches. You may want to search for culture AND counseling; for example, Latin
Americans AND counseling. 3-4 pages
Religious and Spiritual Application
In the final section, give biblical application to the topic you have been examining. Specifically
examine counseling, life coaching, and/or human services from a faith-based approach. For
example, if your paper looked at substance abuse, explore research on faith-based programs, and
discuss why this would be meaningful for the culture you are focusing on. Explore the unique
beliefs, values, ways of thinking, and expressing faith, religion, and spirituality in the culture you
are researching. What is typically viewed as the role of the church for this culture? What is the
common view of life after death? 1 page
End with a concise Conclusion paragraph where you summarize what you covered in the paper,
and include ideas for future research needed on this topic. ½ page
References: Begin on a new page. Center (do not bold) the References heading at the top of the
page. You need at least 10 peer-reviewed journal articles dated within the past 5 years, in an
alphabetized list. Every source that you include in the references should be cited in your paper.
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