Expert answer:Economic History Analysis Presentation

  

Solved by verified expert:The final piece of research that needs to be done on your final project concerns foreign trade. Research foreign trade as it relates to your chosen 10-year historical period. Section I, part d) of the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric will guide your research for this final piece.I have chosen the 1990’s as my 10-year decadeYou will then draw overall conclusions using Section III of the final project for guidance and integrate this information with work done in previous milestones into a final, polished presentation of 15–20 slides with speaker notes. Be sure to integrate all feedback you have received from your instructor. Your final presentation must meet all critical elements outlined in the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric document. To assist you with your final project presentation, Please follow the instructions in this captioned video in order to submit your PowerPoint as a PDF with notes so that your instructor can view your speaker notes.Here is the feedback I was provided on previous assignments that need to be added to this slideshow. Please edit the previous slides as needed per the feedback, Milestone 1 – Macroeconomic Data Report – (Week 2 file)Excellent economic overview of the 90’s decade! I loved the mix
of economic data and graphics. Excellent overview of GDP growth rates
and trends as well as discussion on the influencing of National
Product. Well researched and articulated overview of unemployment and
inflation trends but there was no slide on unemployment events.
Excellent discussion on interest rate fluctuations. Well written slides
and excellent speaker notes; very detailed and covered the material on
the slides extremely well. Very impressive and extensive references
noted. Submitted on time. Good job!PLEASE MAKE SURE THE SLIDE UNEMPLOYMENT EVENTS IS ADDEDMilestone 2 – Fiscal Policies Excellent overview and well designed slides of fiscal policies prior to
and during the 90’s. Excellent coverage of tax and spend policies
implemented with great detail provided. Very good overview of fiscal
policies enacted; great timeline of implementation as well. The fiscal
impact slide was good but I would consider including impacts on economic
indicators as well *chart perhaps) but was still well researched.
Excellent, detailed speaker notes. Great references cited as well and
very good use of APA formatting. Submitted on time. Well donePLEASE LOOK AT THE FISCAL IMPACT SLIDES, I MISSED POINTS ON THIS LAST TIME.Milestone 3 – Monetary PoliciesVery good overview and well designed slides of monetary policies prior
to and during the 90’s. Consider adding more detail on your final
submission regarding specific fiscal policies enacted (and detail).
The monetary policy impact slide included some impacts, consider adding
more detailed impacts on economic indicators as well as speaker notes.
Great references cited as well and very good use of APA formatting.
Submitted on time. Well done!PLEASE LOOK AT THE MONETARY POLICES & IMPACT SLIDES !Thank you for all your help
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Presentation Title
Your Name
ECO 202
Instructor Name
ECO 202
Ten-Year Period of U.S. Economic History
Overview
• This slide should include a brief overview of the 10-year
period between 1950 and today that you chose for this
presentation.
ECO 202
GDP (1–2 slides)
• Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Growth
• Show a graph of real GDP growth rates for each year of your decade and
highlight significant changes in growth rates, such as dips or negative growth
(recession) or booms (economic expansion)
• Real GDP data can be found here at FRED, the research database of the St.
Louis Federal Reserve – adjust the data to your 10 year period and use these
numbers to calculate the growth rate
• Here is a video to introduce you to using the FRED site
• Choose two or three of the most relevant events from this time period that
impacted the U.S. economy. Apply specific models developed throughout
the course to demonstrate how these events influenced national output
during this time period.
• You can use the GDP formula to explain how an event impacted GDP growth.
For instance, if there was large increase in military spending because of a war,
we would expect to see an increase in GDP.
• Be sure the connections you make are supported by the data you present.
ECO 202
Unemployment and Inflation (1–2 slides)
• Analyze unemployment and inflation data as to their relation to output and
growth, using macroeconomic principles and models to explain their effect.



Show graphs of both annual inflation rates and annual unemployment rates
throughout your decade.
• Find data on inflation rates here
• Find data on unemployment here
Explain how inflation and unemployment are calculated for the data presented
Discuss how changes in both are related to changes in GDP growth
• Apply specific models developed throughout the course to demonstrate
how the previously selected events influenced both unemployment and
inflation during this time period.


Discuss how the events impacted both economic indicators
For the final draft, look to include our AD-AS model to illustrate how events
led the changes observed in both
ECO 202
Interest Rates (1–2 slides)
Analyze interest rate fluctuations throughout this time period and
their effects on other aspects of the economy.
• Show graph of interest rates during your time period – there are different rate
to choose from, like the Federal Funds Rate, the 3-Month Treasury Rate or the
Bank Prime Loan Rate which will each give a sense of the level of interest
rates and the trend throughout the decade
• Then discuss the following:
• How would these fluctuations affect/be affected by inflation?
• Would investments and foreign trade rates increase or decrease?
• How would the GDP of the American economy be affected?
• To answer the above questions, consider the relationship between interest
rates and GDP
ECO 202
Foreign Trade: Imports and Exports
For this element, you are to provide data on levels of imports and exports
throughout your decade.
• As with the other economic data, annual numbers for each year of your
decade is ideal. In this case, you may want to look at the value of imports
and exports in real (inflation-adjusted) dollars or you can present them as a
% of GDP.
• In your analysis of the data, make connections to other aspects of the
economy, such as the exchange rate. An example might be a stronger dollar
leads to more imports – since our dollar can buy more foreign currency than
before, it also means it can buy more foreign goods and services (all other
things being equal) and so would lead to an increase in imports.
• The Census Bureau collects data on imports and exports and their data is
compiled on other reliable website for easy access:
• You can find export data here
• You can find import data here
ECO 202
Foreign Trade: Models
• This follows well from the analysis of import and export data, where you
can relate the trade levels to events within our economy and within our
trading partners’ economies. For example, the Great Recession saw
incomes decrease in most of the Western world and we know that demand
for imports is determined by income. If demand for goods and services
decrease, we should see a decrease in exports and imports all around the
affected countries, the US included. This shows the application of the ADAS model, with a shifting demand curve.
• Consider also any relevant trade agreements during this time to explore
changes in patterns of trade based on comparative advantage, another key
economic model.
ECO 202
Fiscal Policy
This rubric element wants you to look at the policies in place at the start of
your chosen decade.
• You will need to provide details on the policies and examine how they were
related to macroeconomic issues at the time. Your slide(s) on this will
highlight the key points and your speaker notes will add the explanatory
detail needed.
• You may need to take a peak at what was happening in the years leading up
to the start of your decade.
• Your work here should include scholarly research which you can best find
information on specific fiscal policies, search by President instead of by
years – start with these sites:
• Congressional Budget Office
• White House website
• National Bureau of Economic Research
ECO 202
Fiscal Policy Actions
This rubric element wants you to examine what the fiscal policy initiatives
were going forward, to respond to the changing economic landscape.
• You should specifically state what the intent of the actions were – for
instance, it could be to decrease unemployment.
• Then, use our macroeconomic principles and models (like the AD-AS
model or Keynesian consumption function) to explain why the action
would lead to the outcome desired by the government.
• Keep the main points (and any use of graphs to show the economic models)
on the slide and use the speaker notes to add full explanation.
• Scholarly research is required here as well (this may overlap with research
from the previous element, as appropriate).
ECO 202
Fiscal Policy Impact
After looking at what the government set out to do and why, you will now
examine if it actually worked.
• You will look at the macroeconomic data (which you already gathered in
milestone one) to see if policy actions achieved their goals. For instance, if
President Johnson’s “War on Poverty” aimed to reduce poverty in the U.S.
and, in doing so, create a stronger economy. With less poverty, we should
see increased consumption and higher growth rates.
• Keep in mind that there may be times when the government misread the
economy and implemented a policy that had unintended effects so its
important to compare what was observed after the policy in the
macroeconomic data to what the policy objectives were.
ECO 202
Monetary Policy
This rubric element wants you to look at the monetary policies in place at the start of your chosen
decade.
• Remember that the Federal Reserve controls our monetary policy and they have a four main
goals:
1.
2.
3.
4.




Price Stability
High Employment
Economic Growth
Financial Market Stability
The main tools the Fed uses are the decreasing or increasing of the money supply (through open
market operations, changing the required-reserve ratio, and changing the discount rate) and
changes to interest rates.
Be sure to read up on these policy tools the Fed uses in our textbook and check out this video for
further understanding
The San Francisco Federal Reserve is a valuable resource for research on Federal Reserve
history
The Federal Open Market Committee (the part of the Federal Reserve that controls open market
operattions) has site where you can access transcripts of meetings and other historical materials –
just enter the year you need!
ECO 202
Monetary Policy
This rubric element wants you to look at the monetary policies in place at the start of your
chosen decade.
• Remember that the Federal Reserve controls our monetary policy and they have a four
main goals:
1. Price Stability
2. High Employment
3. Economic Growth
4. Financial Market Stability
• The main tools the Fed uses are the decreasing or increasing of the money supply
(through open market operations, changing the required-reserve ratio, and changing the
discount rate) and changes to interest rates.
• Be sure to read up on these policy tools the Fed uses in our textbook and check out this
video for further understanding
• The San Francisco Federal Reserve is a valuable resource for research on Federal
Reserve history
• The Federal Open Market Committee (the part of the Federal Reserve that controls
open market operattions) has site where you can access transcripts of meetings and
other historical materials – just enter the year you need!
ECO 202
Monetary Policy Actions
This rubric element wants you to examine what the monetary policy initiatives
were going forward, to respond to the changing economic landscape throughout
your decade.



You should specifically state what the intent of the actions were – for instance, the
Fed may have used expansionary policy to help expand the economy in response to
a recession. Such policies could have been buying up government bonds – this puts
money into the economy since the Fed is buying these bonds from a bank and then
the bank can use that money in the economy. This open-market operation increases
the money supply.
Then, use our macroeconomic principles and models (like the Supply and Demand of
Money model, AD-AS model to show impact of interest rates on equilibrium GDP,
Phillips Curve, etc.) to explain why the action would lead to the outcome desired by
the government.
Keep the main points (and any use of graphs to show the economic models) on the
slide and use the speaker notes to add full explanation. Scholarly research is required
here as well (this may overlap with research from the previous element, as
appropriate).
ECO 202
Monetary Policy Impact
After looking at what the Fed set out to do and why, you will now examine if it
actually worked.
• You will look at the macroeconomic data (which you already gathered in
milestone one – feel free to add more here if needed to support your
analysis) to see if policy actions achieved their goals. For instance, if the
Fed raised interest rates as a contractionary policy aimed at slowing down
inflation, did it work?
• There might also be examples of where the Fed misread the economic
landscape and initiated expansionary policy when they should have taken
on contractionary policy, or vice versa. Consider all actions taken by the
Fed during your decade and analyze their impact on the overall economy,
paying particular attention to GDP growth rates, unemployment and
inflation.
ECO 202
Conclusions
For this element, you will take all the data, history and policy
analysis you have presented and summarize it in a coherent and
thorough manner. Basically, this is your time to tell the economic
story of the decade and make all the necessary connections now
that your analysis is done. Be sure to include specific examples
and data points that help tell the story.
ECO 202
“Agree/Disagree”
Here, you will state whether you agree or disagree with fiscal and monetary
policy actions taken.
• It is possible that some actions you agree with and other you disagree with that is fine. You can discuss your reasons for disagreement or agreement
on a case-by-case basis.
• In your argument, be sure you are using our economic models and concepts
to support you and not just your own opinion or feeling about what is
best. For instance, saying that we should not have spent money on
government programs because it’s not fair to give out money to people
would not be an macroeconomics-based reason. You could say that
increased government spending through expansionary fiscal policy created
too much inflation later on and so you disagree with that action.
ECO 202
References
• Include references in APA style.
ECO 202
ECO 202 Final Project Guidelines and Rubric
Overview
The final project for this course is the creation of economic history analysis presentation. Macroeconomics is the part of the study of economics that is concerned
with the aggregate or the whole. Macroeconomics provides us with tools and methods to understand how our economy works as a whole. It deals with
economy-wide issues such as price levels, employment, national income, and growth. As a student of macroeconomics, you will learn how to understand the
changes occurring throughout our economy and how our economy is influenced by our decisions, by our government, and by other countries.
In this assignment, you will perform an in-depth analysis of a 10-year period in U.S. economic history between 1950 and today. In your analysis, you will examine
macroeconomic data, basic macroeconomic principles, government actions, and historical/current events to give a clear and comprehensive picture of your
chosen time period and detail how they are related to one another.
The project is divided into three milestones, which will be submitted at various points throughout the course to scaffold learning and ensure quality final
submissions. These milestones will be submitted in Modules Two, Four, and Five. The final project will be submitted in Module Seven.
In this assignment, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following course outcomes:




Apply macroeconomic models to historical and current events for drawing connections between the events and their economic impact
Determine the effects of government intervention and fiscal and monetary policy actions for their impact on the economy
Analyze macroeconomic data for their implication to economic outcomes and forecasting
Analyze macroeconomics trends and government policies for their influence on industries and households
Prompt
For this assignment, you will first need to choose a 10-year period in U.S. economic history between 1950 and today. You will then present the data collected
from government sources related to a variety of macroeconomic phenomena and analyze them in conjunction with the models and core principles to explain the
economy-wide changes during your chosen time period. You will also examine the events of the time in their relation to the macroeconomic issues as well as the
corresponding government actions taken (fiscal and monetary policies) to address the issues. The final presentation should be 15–20 slides using PowerPoint,
Prezi, Keynote, or PreZentit, including title and reference slides. Be sure to include speaker notes to accompany the data and graphs, information, and
explanations presented on the slide.
Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:
I.
Examination of Macroeconomic Data (Be sure to include speaker notes to accompany all of your responses.)
a) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Growth
i.
Analyze the annual GDP during the time frame to calculate specific growth rates and trends in the U.S. economy.
ii.
Choose two or three of the most relevant historical and/or current events during this time period that impacted the U.S. economy. Apply
specific models developed throughout the course to demonstrate how these events influenced national output during this time.
b) Unemployment and Inflation
i.
Analyze unemployment and inflation data during the time frame in their relation to output and growth, using macroeconomic principles
and models to explain their effect.
ii.
Apply specific models developed throughout the course to demonstrate how the previously selected historical and/or current events
influenced both unemployment and inflation during this time.
c) Analyze interest rate fluctuations throughout this time period and their effects on other aspects of the economy. How would these fluctuations
affect inflation? Would investments and foreign trade rates increase or decrease? How would the GDP of the American economy be affected?
d) Foreign Trade
i.
Analyze data representing levels of U.S. imports and exports during this time. How do they relate to other economic outcomes such as
the GDP, foreign exchange rates, and so on?
ii.
Apply specific models developed throughout the course to demonstrate how domestic and foreign events (e.g., wars, changes in trade
barriers, development abroad) have impacted the level of and changes in imports and exports in the United States.
II.
III.
Government Policies (Be sure to include speaker notes to accompany all of your responses.)
a) Fiscal Policy
i.
Examine the fiscal policies in place at the start of your specific time period in relation to their effects on macroeconomic issues. For
instance, consider level of government spending, taxation, subsidies, unemployment benefits, and so on.
ii.
Analyze new fiscal policy actions undertaken by the U.S. government throughout the time period by describing their intended effects,
using macroeconomic principles to explain the actions.
iii.
Explain the impact of the new fiscal policy actions on individuals and businesses within the economy by integrating the macroeconomic
data and principles.
b) Monetary Policy
i.
Examine the monetary policies in place at the start of your specific time period in relation to their effects on macroeconomic issues. For
instance, consider the discount rate set by the Fed, the rates on reserves, open market operations, and so on.
ii.
Analyze new monetary policy actions undertaken by the U.S. government throughout the time period by describing their intended
effects, using macroeconomic principles to explain the actions.
iii.
Explain the impact of the new monetary policy actions on individuals and businesses within the economy by integrating the
macroeconomic data and principles.
Conclusion (Be sure to include speaker notes to accompany all of your responses.)
a) Summarize the overall trends and outcomes of this 10-year period by integrating the data, economic models, and historical analysis.
b) Defend your agreement or disagreement with the actions taken by the U.S. government during this time based upon your analysis and
application of the macroeconomic theories.
Milestones
Milestone One: Macroeconomic Data Report
In Module Two, you will submit the first three sections of your final project as outlined in Section I, parts a), b), and c).
1) Choose a 10-year period in the history of the U.S. between 1950 and today. All responses will be related to that timeframe.
b) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Growth
i.
Analyze the annual GDP to calculate specific growth rates and trends in the U.S. economy.
ii.
Choose two or three of the most relevant events from this time period that impacted the U.S. economy. Apply specific models
developed throughout the course to demonstrate how these events influenced national output during this time period.
c) Unemployment and Inflation
i.
Analyze unemployment and inflation data as to their relation to output and growth, using macroeconomic principles and models to
explain their effect.
ii.
Apply specific models developed throughout the course to demonstrate how the previously selected events influenced both
unemployment and inflation during this time period.
d) Analyze interest rate fluctuations throughout this time period and their effects on other aspects of the economy. How would these fluctuations
affect inflation? Would investments and foreign trade rates increase or decrease? How would the GDP of the American economy be affected?
2) Present your research with 4–6 slides in PowerPoint, Prezi, Keynotes, or PreZentit, not including title page and references. Be sure to include speaker
notes to accompany all of your responses.
3) Apply APA formatting to citations and references.
This milestone will be graded with the Milestone One Rubric.
Milestone Two: Fiscal Policies
In Module Four, you will submit a section of your final project pertaining to fis …
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