Solved by verified expert:I need a 100 words reply post.1)When the Arab Spring of 2011 started, the U.S. was supporting those movements, but unevenly. It supported demonstrators in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Syria, but did not support those in Yemen, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and Jordan. Support went along the lines of which countries’ regimes were considered allies and which were not. That duplicity had created an unpopular view of the U.S. as just acting as a mediator. Furthermore, even those regimes were not democratic, they were stable. Some of them, like Libya and Syria, were multinational, and/or tribal so that heavy-handed governments were keeping those rivalries in check. Uneven treatment of Sunni and Shiite Muslims contributed to their polarization and subsequent fighting among the groups, which is the most obvious in Syria and Iraq. As a result of the newly-arising chaos and crumbling government structures, many extremist groups came to power, as war and social injustice radicalized many of them, thus bringing the rise of ISIS, and strengthening of Al-Qaeda. At the same time, there was the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt in which they were in power for a short time. By uneven application of support for citizens that were looking for liberalization of their respective countries (even bombing Libya), the U.S. opened up Pandora’s box of old rivalries that lasts to this day.3) I somewhat agree that young adults have a responsibility to be the key agents for social change. The reason I say this is that young adults, like myself, are still experiencing life and learning about new things every single day. I think that it would be a bit brash and overwhelming to place the responsibility of being key agents for social change on us, because I, for one, don’t think I would be able to come to a rational decision just yet regarding policies and social activism (in a more in-depth sense of the term). I think it’s great that through the use of social media, young adults around the world have been able to come together and, in a sense, have unified their way of thought regarding social issues, but I wouldn’t place the responsibility on them to be key agents because we are all still learning and going through things, and I wouldn’t feel confident placing that responsibility on young adults because it’s very possible that uneducated decisions could be made with serious repercussions.
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Expert answer:Arab Spring of 2011 Discussion Response