Expert answer:AJS514 Baylor University Criminal Occurrence Revie

  

Solved by verified expert:Review your response in the Week One Personal Crime Occurrence Evaluation assignment. Based on what you learned in this course:List the crime theory or theories you think best explain the occurrence of crime. Write a 350- to 700-word summary.Provide theoretical support where needed, to include recommendations on crime control and crime reduction policies you would implement based on your crime occurrence explanation.Provide APA citations and reference page consistent with APA guidelines.include a title page, reference page, in text citations, proper grammar,page headers and numbers, no plagiarism
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CRIME OCCURRENCE PREVENTION
Crime Occurrence Prevention
Shelly McKee
AJS514
05/09/19
STEVE NANCE
1
CRIME OCCURRENCE PREVENTION
2
Criminal Behaviors
In terms of criminal behavior, there are three prominent views which include consensus
view, conflict view and the interactionist view. According to consensus view, crime is an illegal
behavior that is defined by the existing criminal law. On the other hand, conflict view holds that
crime is the behavior defined so that the economically powerful people to control much control
over the society. However, interactionist views portray criminal as relativistic, constantly
changing the concept which reflects the current moral values society (Roberts, A. 2007). The
criminologists use different research methods to collect information that shed on the criminal
behavior.
Current Trends in Crime Rate
The rate of violent crimes, especially homicides, have increased some cities hence raising
broad concerns about the decreasing the levels of public safety. At national level, the violent
crimes and homicides registered a high number from 2014 to 2015 in 48 largest cities. Also, the
level of crime rate increased significantly from 2015 to 2016 but the two rates remain at almost
historical lows. The homicide and violent crime rates for 48 largest cities in U.S generally
followed the national level trends with few exceptions. For instance, the violent crime rate in the
cities 0.5 to 1 million people and 0.25-0.5 million people decreased from the year 2014 to 2015
(Roberts, A. 2007). However, homicide rates in small cities of 50,000 to 100,000 populations
decreased from the year 2015 to 2016. It is, however, evident that some largest cities in the U.S
witnessed increase in violent crime rates and homicide from the year 2014 to 2015 or from the
year 2015 to 2016. The recent increase in homicide and violent crime rates in cities has received
more attention from the authorities.
CRIME OCCURRENCE PREVENTION
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Factors influencing crime rate
Social, economic and environmental factors influence the rate of violent crimes and
homicides in the country. The level of social increases crime rates in the country. They include
school dropouts, number of single parent families, and level of ethnic conflict and teenage
pregnancies. The crime rates increase with lack of welfare to the children. Also, the poor
economy increase crime rates because of increased unemployment of the youths (Leape, L. L.
(2002). The citizens are idle hence turning to crime in order to get finance for basic commodities.
Other factors influencing crime rate include; drug abuse, availability of firearms, increased
poverty, and use of unapproved medicine, legalizing abortion, and advanced technology.
Investigating Occurrence of Crime through Research and Theory Development
The occurrence of crime continues to change in its nature because of the advanced
technology in the whole world. Some of the crime happens through internet which involves
conning of the victims, fraud, online bullying and pornography. Through research, I will be able
to investigate criminal activities in the major cities in the United States. First, I will use
interviewing method which is most effective. I will be organizing special interviews with the
victims and witnesses to get more information on criminal activities in the country. Furthermore,
I will organize some sessions with the suspects and those already sentenced to get their reason
for taking part in crime (Maddan, S. 2015). On the other hand, I will visit some of the police
stations to perusing the reports of criminal activities in their possession as a investigate
occurrence of crime in the country. The theory of development will help me in identifying all
CRIME OCCURRENCE PREVENTION
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victims, witnesses, and possible suspects. I will then accurately document criminal event,
document investigative actions and develop theories on how exactly the crime took place.
Sources of Crime Data
In the United States, the major source of crime statistics is Uniform Crime Reports and
National Incident Based Reporting Systems (NIBRS). The Uniform Crime Reports focus on the
index crimes by making property crime and violent crime as part one offense. The violent
crimes include rape, aggravated assault, and robbery and murder whereas property crimes
include burglary, motor-vehicle theft, and arson. The advantage of UCR is that it is a primary
source of crime data and it is used to study factors known to influence type of crime activities
taking place from one place to another (Major, V. L., & Propheter, S. K. 2000). The information
can be utilized for international comparison that determines how different countries interpret
criminal behavior. However, the UCR underestimate actual number of crimes hence not being
able to reflect crime rates accurately.
The NIBRS is the incident based system that is utilized by law enforcers in the United
States to collect and report information on crimes. The federal, state and local agencies generate
the information from the NIBRIS management systems. The benefit of NIBRS is its in-depth
than summary based systems which are used as alternatives. It has more information on all
crimes being committed that help law enforcers to reduce crime rates (Maddan, S. 2015).
However, it has setbacks. The types of criminal behaviors differ from one state to another. This
weakens and hinders the influence of this program in provision of data to the agencies. The
automated system is complex and the use of data is a difficult task for the officers enforcing law.
CRIME OCCURRENCE PREVENTION
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Also, they are dependent on the reported crimes and arrest from police department. This reduces
scope of information retrieved by different users.
Importance of Crime Research in Development of Recidivism Reduction Strategies
Research is important in crime prevention because it strengthens the strategies devised by
law enforcement officers. Through research, crime prevention agencies know that some practices
and policies are able to reduce recidivism. They include the use of risk and need assessment to
inform the case management (Maddan, S. 2015). Research shows that some correctional
programs with greatest impacts on recidivism deals with people based on their risk of repeating a
crime. In conclusion, criminal behaviors can be prevented by primarily looking at the factors
which influence crime rate. The government is supposed to ensure all children access education
and purpose to reduce the level of poverty in the country.
CRIME OCCURRENCE PREVENTION
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References
Leape, L. L. (2002). Reporting of adverse events. The New England journal of medicine, 347
(20), 1633.
Maddan, S. (2015). N ational I ncident ‐ B ased R eporting S ystem (NIBRS). The Encyclopedia
of Crime and Punishment, 1-6.
Major, V. L., & Propheter, S. K. (2000). NATIONAL INCIDENT-BASED REPORTING
SYSTEM.
Regoeczi, W. C., Jarvis, J., & Riedel, M. (2008). Clearing murders: Is it about time? Journal of
Research in Crime and Delinquency, 45 (2), 142-162.
Roberts, A. (2007). Predictors of homicide clearance by arrest: An event history analysis of
NIBRS incidents. Homicide Studies, 11 (2), 82-93.

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