Write 9 pages thesis on the topic effect of ocean acidification upon ability to genetically adapt in nereis species.

  

Write 9 pages thesis on the topic effect of ocean acidification upon ability to genetically adapt in nereis species. Polychaete worms have the ability to modify and alter their metabolic rates so as to enable them to cope up with waters in high carbon dioxide (CO2) which is poisonous and able to kill other closely-related species. The study explores the robustness of some marine species such as polychaete worms as well as their resilience of marine biodiversity in case atmospheric carbon dioxide continues to cause much ocean acidification. The following sensitive and tolerant species of polychaete worms that live underwater in places of elevated carbon dioxide (pCO2) were studied: Nereis succinea, Nereis diversicolor, Nereis virens, Platyneire sdemerilli and Nereis sonata. These worms were collected from different areas. Some samples were from the Ischia region, a place with low pH value due to CO2 vents. These individuals were exposed to low pH value environments for a short time and long-term durations. The control group was set in a normal pH environment. The responses of the worms were monitored and it was found out that the worms were physiologically and genetically adapted to living in extremely acidic conditions whereas others were able to adjust their metabolic rates for survival.Ocean acidification refers to the significant and detrimental dangers of surplus carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that is unseen or even its effects are not seen just because its consequences are taking place underwater. Ocean acidification is also dubbed as the ‘climate change’s equally evil twin’. A quarter of CO2 is released by burning coal, gas and oil does not stay in the air for long, instead, it dissolves into oceans. Since the time when the industrial era began, oceans have on averagely absorbed around 525 billion tons of CO2 Previously existent the atmosphere. Presently the number stands at around 22 million tons per day.The increased levels of carbon dioxide in recent years have led to a drastic reduction in the PH of ocean waters.&nbsp.

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